Decentralized autonomous organization (DAO) and online network of benign non-state actors and global citizens.
About the Non-State Network
The Non-State Network is a protected users network administrated, developed, maintained, and managed by Globcal International that is open to those who are registered with the Global Citizenship Registry as benign non-state actors, international advocates, grassroots activists, civil service officers, global citizens, public figures, and goodwill ambassadors notwithstanding their state.
Affiliates and Associates
This network is associated and affiliated with private and public member organizations including those chartered and founded or operated by Globcal International and its parent organizations Ecology Crossroads Cooperative Foundation and the Pan-American Foundation. Those who are registered receive a Google IDaaS (Identity-as-a-Service) credential allowing them to participate in special groups and view our content.
Types of Non-State Actors
Some common and influential classes of NSAs are listed here in alphabetical order:
- Business magnates are individuals who command large wealth, and who often seek to influence national and international affairs.
- Corporations, which include multinational corporations (MNCs), are companies authorized to act as single entities (legally as persons) and are recognized as such in law. They include very large businesses operating transnationally, such as The Coca-Cola Company, McDonald's, General Motors, Adidas, Huawei, Renault, Samsung, Nestlé and Toyota.
- Decentralized autonomous organizations (DAO)s, sometimes known as decentralized autonomous corporations (DACs), operate according to rules encoded as computer programs called smart contracts. The crypto-currency Bitcoin is an example of a DAO which, as of 2018, has grown to become economically influential.
- International media agencies, which are also usually corporations, report on the social and political situation in countries worldwide, and may therefore be highly influential as NSAs. Examples of such agencies are AFP, EFE, Reuters, AP, RIA Novosti and Xinhua.
- Non-governmental organizations (NGOs), which include international non-governmental organizations (INGOs), are usually nonprofit organizations seeking to effect change in humanitarian, educational, ecological, healthcare, public policy, social, human rights, environmental, and other areas. Examples of NGOs are Greenpeace, Red Cross/Red Crescent, Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch and WWF.
- Goodwill ambassadors or humanitarian aid workers involved with INGO missions abroad may also be considered as benign non-state actors (BNSA)s.
- People's movements are mass movements which become influential with size and longevity. Examples include the movements arising during the Arab Spring of 2011.
- Religious groups commonly engage in political affairs at an international level. For example, the Quakers, as an historic peace church, operate offices at the United Nations. Another example is ISIS, which is a religious group as well as a violent non-state actor (VNSA).
- Transnational diaspora communities are ethnic or national communities that commonly seek to bring social and political change to their originating countries and their adoptive countries. The Israeli diaspora is an example.
- Unincorporated associations, secret societies and civic organizations unknown to or unrecognized by the state or government may be considered non-state actors.
- Unrepresented nations and peoples include many indigenous peoples and Fourth World societies.
- Violent non-state actors (VNSA)s are armed groups, including groups such as ISIS or criminal organizations, for example drug cartels.
- World citizens may be considered non-state actors if they are active in movements or social causes active outside their own country.
Importance of the Non-State Actor
The proliferation of non-state actors in the post–Cold War era has been one of the factors leading to the Cobweb Paradigm in international politics. Under this paradigm, the traditional Westphalian nation-state experiences an erosion of power and sovereignty, and non-state actors are part of the cause. Facilitated by globalization, NSAs challenge nation-state borders and sovereignty claims. MNCs are not always sympathetic to national interests, but instead are loyal to the corporation's interests. NSAs challenge the nation-state's sovereignty over internal matters through advocacy for societal issues, e.g. human rights and the environment.
Armed non-state actors operate without state control and are involved in internal and trans-border conflicts. The activity of such groups in armed conflicts adds layers of complexity to traditional conflict management and resolution. These conflicts are often fought not only between non-state actors and states, but also between multiple NSA groups, both benign and violent. Interventions in such conflicts is particularly challenging given the fact that international law and norms governing the use of force for intervention or peacekeeping purposes was primarily written in the context of the nation-state.